The transfer of authority for decision-making, finance, and management to local government. Devolution usually transfers responsibilities for services to municipalities that elect their own mayors and councils, raise their own revenues, and have independent authority to make investment decisions. In a devolved system, local governments have clear and legally recognized geographical boundaries over which they exercise authority, and within which they perform public functions. It is this type of administrative decentralization that underlies most political decentralization.
the act of conferring power and authority by the central government upon the subdivision of the state to perform specific functions and responsibilities. As opposed to deconcentration, which is an administrative process requiring only an issuance of an executive or administrative order to effect it, devolution is a political process which must be effected through legislation.
passing the job onto someone else (while accepting all credit but no responsibility)